We are at the peak of a global climate crisis. At the same time, our technological and economic development is thriving. The only way out is to replace traditional combustible fuel with contemporary and environmentally sustainable energy sources.
In between three most popular non-conventional energy sources- solar, wind and hydro, how solar comes out as the most acceptable one?
Solar energy is largely feasible, especially in a tropical and sub-tropical country like India which has the largest solar radiation area geographically. As a result, power output is not only easily predictable but can also be fixed.
It might incur big cost initially, but it’s simple installation process and dip in long-term electricity bills make it worth the price. Solar panels are feasible for long-term basis as they do not require any monitored maintenance in extended periods of time.
Why Wind Energy Is Falling Short?
Resources required to set up a windmill are not easily available everywhere. Even if they are, the process of setting up towering can be cumbersome and expensive. They usually require huge empty land to set winds in motion. In india, land is becoming more scarce by every passing day.
Apart from generating a lot of noise, their power output keeps on fluctuating immensely. As a result, battery back-up and the need for an alternate power source becomes mandatory. Another downside is that windmills demand a lot of maintenance throughout their tenure making it less than ideal for larger communities working on a tight budget.
How Hydro Energy Is Not Being True To Environment?
Again, hydro power too requires hi-tech resources and heavy investment. They can definitely never be one-man’s choice. Hydroelectric projects require complex technology along with long procedures of passing government regulations since they involve major national water resources.
In fact, as much environmental friendly as they are said to be, hydro projects do end up affecting the course of water bodies adversely. They create new lakes, dams and change the current of the stream causing fishes to migrate and change their habitats- hence eventually interfering with the environment on a bigger picture.
How Solar Is Winning The Race?
Solar, on the other hand, is a feasible option for alternate residential power sources. The PV panels are lightweight, portable and cause no environmental hazard; except the initial chemical usage in the panel processing.
Hence, when it comes to choosing an ideal source, solar wins the debate single-handedly. Its convenience and simplicity outnumbers the advantages these complex, bigger sources bring with them.
For larger industrial purposes. yes, wind and hydro projects both make sense. But for the sake of growing population and demand in India, small industries and residents should not stay dependent on state-provided electricity. They should invest in individual solar panels so as to squeeze out both environmental as well as economical benefits.